Analysing the environmental impacts of PGM recycling
SFA (Oxford) has evaluated and quantified the environmental footprints of recycled material in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, waste generation and additional processing required compared to primary mining activities. Our assistance to recyclers to quantify the environmental investment case for PGM recycling is a vital step towards a sustainable and circular economy. The upside to recyclers to benefit from this secondary feed source and a fully integrated environmental strategy could mean enhancing supply security for a circular economy.
Promoting your green recycling credentials
SFA can demonstrate the environmental benefits of recycled PGM materials to highlight the green credentials recycling operations offer within the supply chain. Our extensive history of providing granular analysis along the complex supply chain of recycled materials, and foothold in ESG analysis ensure a comprehensive evaluation. To promote the green credentials of recycling relative to mining, SFA can unpack and analyse your mining and recycling operations data to boost the environmental case for recycling to support green financing options in the following areas:
Life-cycle review of autocatalyst recycling to highlight the environmental impacts of collection and recycling of PGMs to prevent the dispersal of critical metals into the environment.
High-level comparisons between mining and recycling:
Metal contents, metal splits and recovery rates.
Material composition and chemical analysis of autocatalysts versus mined ore, concentrate and waste.
Tonnage volumes between mined ore, concentrate and crushed recycled catalyst material.
Emissions from the recycling of autocatalysts from inside the processing plant.
Evaluate concentrations of PGMs in cordierite, metal and silicon carbide catalyst materials relative to mined ore.
Analyse processing plant emissions from material transport, mine tailings and smelter emissions (recycling and mining shares) – SO2, ammonia, chlorine, hydrogen chloride gases, residual effluents.
Carbon intensity of recycling versus mining: high energy use (per tonne/per ounce mined and recycled) and power sources.
Pyrometallurgical processing and energy use – mining versus recycling.
Reagent consumption for processing recycled material.
Water use and wastewater generation at each processing stage to fully understand the potential impacts of groundwater contamination and toxic effluents.
Waste generation (recycling versus mining) with the use of fluxes and base metals to recover metal from PGM scrap and smelter slag.
Recycling impacts on plant operating capacities.
Comparison of recycling and mining emissions to quantify how many pollutants are saved per ounce from recycling relative to mining, and the recycling net impact on emissions from mining plus recycling.
Context and comparisons of the economics of recycling relative to mining.
Quantify emissions generated outside the processing plant including spent catalyst transport emissions (percentage of catalysts sourced in-country versus imports) to derive a complete CO2 footprint of the recycled source material.
Quantify typical emissions at the refinery after smelting.
Let us analyse your recycling footprint
Contact one of our team for more details.
Other PGM consulting solutions
Explore other services our clients use regularly.
SFA works closely with value chain players to understand how materially significant ESG issues can be integrated into their wider company strategy.
SFA's benchmarking of PGM producers on material ESG factors generates high-resolution insights for sustainability-conscious investors.
SFA has significant experience in reviewing mine business plans, identifying production risks and reviewing costs down to a half-level basis to improve operational mine planning and enhance performance.
Working with clients and third parties, SFA has a long track record of providing technical due diligence and financial modelling support to help secure future funding from investors and lenders.
Clients have used SFA to provide the analytical link with banks and financial institutions to support PGM investment decision-making and provide robust market support.
SFA has supported numerous client listings by providing an independent view of the PGM markets to help secure capital from potential investors.
Our PGM peer-group benchmarking is unrivalled, providing you with a detailed understanding of which assets are outperforming and which are most at risk.
SFA realises cost synergies for clients across company operations to help raise margins and improve production efficiency benchmarks.
With extensive experience covering the PGM markets and industry fundamentals, SFA can provide you with our latest market outlook and the window of upside and downside scenarios.
The SFA team has completed many labour workforce projects, analysing demographic trends, forecasting future labour requirements, and working with extensive data sets.
SFA is a trusted advisor to Board members and senior management of significant stakeholders and provides regular assistance to strategy and planning efforts.
SFA can provide accurate short-, medium- and long-term PGM price forecasts to support your business plans and contract negotiations, backed by our extensive supply and demand databases.
SFA provides regular data flows of mine supply and metallurgical pipelines, basket prices, mine economics, and future supply and demand profiles to assist strategic decision-making and supply-chain purchasing.
SFA has extensive experience in assessing clients' advanced mineral processing offtake options and evaluating indicative commercial terms at global smelters and refineries.
Clients approach SFA to run their own supply and macro modelling demand inputs to see the impact this has on the medium- to long-term PGM market balances to complement future strategic decision-making.
SFA regularly supports its clients on global roadshows to assist on capital raisings and converse with fund managers, institutional investors and family wealth officers.
The SFA team is constantly providing rich insights for its clients on structural events moving the PGM markets, particularly when the situation continues to change.
For many years, SFA's extensive expertise in analysing the changing dynamics of global economies, financial markets and precious metals has enabled us to deliver bespoke research to enhance your next strategy.
SFA delivers detailed insights into the effects of new automotive technologies on PGM demand for light-duty, heavy-duty, off-road and fuel cell vehicles to meet government emission targets.
SFA has advised mobility companies with their strategies, providing global or local industry context, benchmarking competitors, creating industry scenarios and identifying new opportunities.
SFA has explored the purchasing dynamics between market participants, the complexity of the associated price web factors for platinum, palladium and rhodium, providing definitive answers to commercial questions.
SFA is constantly monitoring the evolution of emerging technologies and threats to new metal substitution. Let us cut through the noise, and highlight the short to long-term price risk impacts for your business.
SFA is equipped to provide detailed regional insights of the major players, market shares, demand volumes, and market value for automotive, chemical and petrochemical catalysts, and smaller industrial markets.
SFA's discreet work with recyclers gives us unique market insights, for the major regions of the USA, Europe, China and Japan. We also closely monitor jewellery recycling, electronic scrap and spent catalysts.
SFA has mapped jewellery pipelines, examined costs and margins, quantified future demand levels, and analysed the competitor landscape of fabricators, wholesalers, and retailers for future investment decision-making.
SFA analyses the physical movements of PGMs for demand-side and supply-side participants, how futures contracts are priced and traded, and quantifies above-ground PGM stocks from key sectors.
SFA can provide you with the most insightful 360-degree research covering the secret closed-loop market sectors by quantifying installed capacities, system losses and top-up requirements by company and sector.
SFA has significant experience mapping regional and localised end-use markets for PGMs to assist clients in discovering new trading opportunities and client targets by volume and sector.